U.S. Pounds Fallujah; Fighting in Najaf

Heavy fighting in Fallujah and Najaf. Has a turning point been reached.

mdf550561.jpg
Fires light up Fallujah’s skyline as U.S. aircraft and artillery attack
the city’s Jolan district.

U.S. forces pounded Fallujah and Najaf as deadlines expired and American patience with Sunni rebels and Moqtada al-Sadr apparently ran out.

Late last night US aircraft and tanks started blasting the Jolan district of Fallujah.
“I can hear more than 10 explosions a minute. Fires are lighting the night sky,” one witness said. “The earth is shaking under my feet.”
Live television pictures showed two large fires some 150 meters apart.

U.S. Marine commanders in the area told BBC that the attacks were not an all-out assault but were instead “defensive in nature” and that Marines were targeting positions that had fired on them. Stratfor (subscription required, sorry) is reporting that at least one Marine has been killed and several more wounded. Several U.S. armored vehicles were hit and set on fire. Al Arabiya is reporting that U.S. forces were unable to dislodge entrenched forces in the Jolan district.
In Najaf, earlier fighting left 57 to 64 Mahdi Army members dead, American officials say.

The clash occurred after insurgents loosed rocket-propelled grenades and anti-aircraft fire at an M-1 tank patrolling the eastern side of the Euphrates River near Kufa, said General Kimmitt, the chief spokesman for the American command. American forces called in attack helicopters to supplement ground troops, killing the 57 insurgents.

This is a critical moment for the Coalition, and it’s no exaggeration to say that these two battles will determine in many ways how Iraq tips. If the Coalition can bring these rebellious cities to heel, there are two possibilities:

  1. The Iraqi fighters that have been killing Coalition forces will run out of steam, men or both and attacks will subside. Don’t expect a formal surrender — although al-Sadr may go into exile in Iran if he’s not captured or killed. Stratfor believes that a significant portion of the Sunni resistance is bottle up in Fallujah, which was the reason for the (unsuccessful) negotiations between Coalition and fighters there. They wanted to escape the city with their heavy weapons to fight another day. This option now appears “inoperative.”
  2. The attacks will be seen as brutal and — especially in Najaf — insultingly provocative. While the Sunni rebels in Fallujah may be wiped out or crippled, the Shi’a in the south may become so inflamed by infidel boots in Najaf and the death or capture of a popular cleric that the south will ignite. The question then is whether Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani will be willing or able to put the genie of Shi’a anger back in its bottle. It’s as yet unclear if his “red line” around Najaf has been crossed by the Americans.

These battles are necessary for the U.S. forces in Iraq, however, as there is a real danger that the supply lines to Baghdad from the south and west will be cut off by fighters. Already Blackhawk choppers are short on rotors and it’s becoming difficult to transport fuel into central Iraq.
The U.S. will emerge from this smoke and fire victorious; there’s no question of that. But will it then be resented but grudgingly accepted by a shocked, awed and cowed population or blindsided by an angry one? If the Iraqis are tired enough of a year of violence — and they may well be — they may resign themselves to Coalition governance no matter how inept it is. We’ll find out next week, I think, but I suspect the Iraqi resistance just got a shot in the arm.

Damascus situation

Terror attacks in Syria today and recently in Jordan may be the start of a regional upsurge in violence.

The former United Nations HQ in Damascus was apparently attacked by terrorists today, but details are sketchy as to what is going on. Reuters is reporting that

“There were at least two terrorists. One was killed and another one injured after they detonated an explosive device… and destroyed at least three vehicles,” a diplomatic source told Reuters.

He said the blast set a United Nations building ablaze, but a Reuters witness at the scene said that while the building had long been used by the U.N., it was now a civilian residence.

A water depot with the United Nations emblem was seen on top of the blackened four-storey building, the windows were blown out, and shards of twisted metal protruded from inside.

Syrian authorities said only that an “armed subversive group” was behind the attack and gave no other details of who might have been responsible

Fox news is also reporting violence with some more details:

A gunbattle with police erupted, pelting nearby buildings with bullets and grenades, Ambassador Imad Moustapha said.

“Unidentified terrorists attacked a U.N. office building in Damascus and this office is surrounded by many embassies as well,” Moustapha told The Associated Press.

He said it was unclear what the attackers’ motives were.

He said one attacker was killed and another captured.

BBC reported earlier that “A main road near the Iranian, Canadian and UK embassies is said to have been hit by three to five blasts and heavy gunfire was heard.”
And Bloomberg is quoting Al-Arabiya as saying “the United Nations building” is on fire

The United Nations building was on fire and a terrorist group started shooting following three explosions in a western Damascus neighborhood, Al-Arabiya news reported, citing the Syrian state news agency SANA.

The explosions occurred at about 8 p.m. local time near the British, Canadian and Iranian embassies, Dubai-based Al-Arabiya said. Another explosion was reported near a shopping mall in the same neighborhood, the station said.

It’s hard to say just what has happened, but it looks like there was some kind of (maybe) unsuccessful attack on the U.N. or other western embassies today. Of course SANA, the official Syrian News Agency, is not much help:

A Security Source on Tuesday evening told SANA that a terrorist and sabotage group opened fire randomly in al-Mezza Street.
“The competent security authorities confronted the terrorist group and the situation was completely controlled”, the Source added.

This attack is part of an upsurge in violence in the region as a whole, following two foiled attacks in Jordan that have left the people of the Hashemite Kingdom scared.

Yet Another Flag Flap

Iraq’s new flag is flawed and poorly designed.

iraqflagtop.jpg

The new Iraqi flag was revealed today, and like so many things done by the Iraqi Governing Council and the American-led Coalition Provisional Authority, many Iraqis roundly dissed it.
One of the problems is that the colors — a pale blue crescent moon, darker blue strips at the bottom representing the Tigris and Euphrates, and a yellow stripe representing the Kurds — are pretty close to colors on the Israeli flag.

“When I saw it in the newspaper, I felt very sad,” said Muthana Khalil, 50, a supermarket owner in Saadoun, a commercial area in central Baghdad. “The flags of other Arab countries are red and green and black. Why did they put in these colors that are the same as Israel? Why was the public opinion not consulted?”

It was a bone-headed move for the Iraqi Governing Council — widely despised in Iraq as a hotbed of cronyism and as a lackey for the Americans — to mess around with such an important national symbol. But from the comments from the Iraqi street, it seems most people are just fed up with _anything_ the Governing Council does.

“I will be delighted when this council is dissolved and a new government is formed,” said Amer Abdulaimy, 38, a day laborer, who said he preferred the old flag and saw no reason to change it. “The council has done nothing for us, and it is the same as the American government. We need free elections.”

But also, damn, that’s an ugly flag. I mean, it really is. I know my opinion doesn’t matter a whit, since I’m a citizen of a country with a — frankly — fairly busy and garish national banner, but the new Iraqi flag looks like some guy with a Macintosh spent about 30 minutes working this up.
But aside from the aesthetic problem, there’s that big yellow stripe representing the Kurds. (Is it supposed to mean the Kurds live _between_ the Tigris and Euphrates? I don’t know.) The Turcomans and Assyrians, already feeling squeezed by the newfound popularity of the Kurds with the new kids in town, are surely rightly pissed off about being left off the new flag. Where is their heritage celebrated?
And what about a symbol for the Arabs? The crescent moon is a symbol of Islam, which includes about 1 billion people — Arabs, yes, but also Kurds, Persians, Turks, Indonesians, etc. It’s a pretty all-encompassing identity. Most Muslims _aren’t Arabs._ But most Iraqis are. What indicates that fact on that flag? That’s what the red, white, green and black stripes used to indicate.
My point is not — entirely — to pick nits on a flag that assaults my aesthetic sensibilities. It’s to remind people that Iraq is a devilishly diverse country, with more groups than simply Arabs and Kurds. There are the aforementioned Turcomans and Assyrian Christians, as well as Yezedis, just to name a few.
I suspect the flag is, once again, an example of superior politicking by the Kurds. When I was in Arbil during the early war, a spokesman for the KDP — whose name I have lost, I’m sorry! — told me he wished that Iraq could be taken out of the Arab League, since it incorporates a large Kurdish minority. His point is arguable, but this flag makes no specific reference to any nationality _but_ the Kurds.
This flag flies in the face of most Iraqis and the Council should have waited to allow a permanent government to change Iraq’s national symbols.

Book proposal preview

For the readers: a sneak peek at the B2I book proposal, tentatively titled “Hearts and Minds.”

book_proposal.jpgA treat, I hope. I’ve uploaded the first eight pages of the B2I book proposal, tentatively titled Hearts and Minds: War, Journalism and the Battle for Iraq as a .pdf file. Comments are welcome. The full proposal is obviously much longer, with a sample chapter, promotional material and pictures. This is to whet your appetite.
And to spark some debate. It would be interesting to get feedback from the people this book is really for — you, the readers. Everything I’ve tried to do with Back-to-Iraq has been with you guys in mind, and it’s only right you have a chance to weigh in on the ideas outlined in the introduction of the proposal. If there were a way to allow you all to collectively mark up the pages online, I’d do that. Alas, I know of no such technology.
It’s in the hands of my agent, Dawn, who’s email is listed on the front page. She’s going tp start showing to publishers today. Any book editors, or relatives of book editors, or people who know book editors, or people who have once heard of book editors are welcome to email her and make offers with hefty advances.

Housekeeping

The B2I fund is now over $10,000!

Last night’s interview on the Majority Report with Sam and Atrios was pretty good, I thought, aside from having to cut a dramatic story short. I suck when there are time constraints. You can download an MP3 version of the whole show (I’m in the first hour) at AirAmericaPlace.com. (You’ll need to register in order to download the files.)
Secondly, thanks to Swopa for pushing the B2I fund over $10,000! And thanks very much to everyone who has donated. So far, people have given $6,685.24, with the average size of the donation being $56.18. Along with my savings, the total fund is $10,185.24. I’ve already purchased the body armor and the flight to Amman is gratis thanks to a speaking engagement in Oslo. So now, any and all donations go straight into operations and newsgathering.
But I’m going to have to take a little break from blogging for a few days. I’m behind on finishing up about five freelance assignments that will add another $5,000 to $6,000 to the fund, so I need to concentrate on that for the moment. The interview with Mohammad Baqr al-Najafi should keep you interested for a while. He had some interesting stuff to say.
I hope to be back on Monday. Cheers!